Although much research has examined the possible genetic, hormonal, developmental, social and cultural influences on sexual orientation, no findings have emerged that permit scientists to conclude that sexual orientation is determined by any particular factor or factors. Dr Sameer Kalani, Consultant Psychiatrist of CIMBS & DPC remarked that “biologically-based theories are favored by experts who point to genetic factors, the early uterine environment, or both in combination.” Dr Kalani refers to a 2010 study conducted in Sweden that identified chromosomal region Xq28 as the “gay gene”. Dr Kalani added “the high prevalence of homosexuality among monozygotic twins and the clustering of homosexuality among family pedigrees support biological models.”
Most people experience little or no sense of choice about their sexual orientation.
“Professional psychotherapy has very good success rates for treatment of psychological difficulties such as anxiety, depression, guilt, shame and anger that people with sexual orientation disorders may suffer due to rejection and non-acceptance by society. In other words, the target would be to treat the difficulties and accept the sexual orientation.”
Dr Sameer Kalani, Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist added that “young people today are experiencing and recognizing their sexual orientation earlier, and therefore the teen may experience identity confusion at this point being aware of same sex attractions but in turmoil. Hence it is important to help them deal with their emerging sexuality at the family, peer and social level.”